Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by the non–immune-modulated irritation of the skin by a substance, leading to skin changes. Allergic contact dermatitis is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction in which a foreign substance comes into contact with the skin; skin changes occur after reexposure to the substance.
What does irritant contact dermatitis look like?
Dermatitis often appears as a well-demarcated red patch with a glazed surface, but there may be swelling, blistering and scaling of the damaged area, indistinguishable from other types of dermatitis. It can be very itchy. Contact irritant dermatitis can appear differently according to the conditions of exposure.
How can you tell the difference between contact dermatitis and atopic dermatitis?
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation of the skin (dermatitis). Most cases of atopic dermatitis are thought to occur due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Contact dermatitis develops when the skin comes in contact with something that triggers a reaction.
How is allergic contact dermatitis diagnosed?
Your doctor may be able to diagnose contact dermatitis and identify its cause by talking to you about your signs and symptoms, questioning you to uncover clues about the trigger substance, and examining your skin to note the pattern and intensity of your rash.
Does irritant contact dermatitis go away?
Most cases of contact dermatitis go away on their own once the substance is no longer in contact with the skin. Here are some tips you can try at home: Avoid scratching your irritated skin. Scratching can make the irritation worse or even cause a skin infection that requires antibiotics.
How long does it take for irritant contact dermatitis to go away?
Advertisement. To treat contact dermatitis successfully, you need to identify and avoid the cause of your reaction. If you can avoid the offending substance, the rash usually clears up in two to four weeks. You can try soothing your skin with cool, wet compresses, anti-itch creams and other self-care steps.
What is the best cream for contact dermatitis?
Anti-itch creams that contain aloe or calendula, natural ingredients that are anti-inflammatory agents, can ease itchiness and control inflammation. Some popular OTC brands include Aveeno, Cortizone-10, Lanacane, Gold Bond, and Caladryl.
What vitamins help with dermatitis?
Vitamin B12 cream: 1 study found it helped reduce eczema in adults. Vitamin D: Possibly helpful during the winter. Vitamin E: Mild positive effect. Zinc: Failed to make a difference.
Why is my contact dermatitis spreading?
Allergic contact dermatitis frequently appears to spread over time. In fact, this represents delayed reactions to the allergens. Several factors may produce the false impression that the dermatitis is spreading or is contagious. Heavily contaminated areas may break out first, followed by areas of lesser exposure.
What is usually the first sign of dermatitis?
Usually beginning in infancy, this red, itchy rash usually occurs where the skin flexes — inside the elbows, behind the knees and in front of the neck. The rash may leak fluid when scratched and crust over. People with atopic dermatitis may experience improvement and then seasonal flare-ups. Contact dermatitis.
Is allergic contact dermatitis an immediate reaction?
It can take several days after exposure for an itchy, red rash to develop. Irritant contact dermatitis: This painful rash tends to come on quickly in response to an irritating substance.
What will a dermatologist do for contact dermatitis?
Medication and other treatments for contact dermatitis
Rash: Medication prescribed by your dermatologist that you apply to the rash. Rash that covers much of your skin: Medication that works throughout your body, such as prednisone. This medication can reduce the swelling and clear the rash.
What is the most common cause of allergic contact dermatitis?
Nickel. Nickel is the most frequent cause of allergic contact dermatitis.
What is the best treatment for dermatitis?
- Applying to the affected skin corticosteroid creams, gels or ointments.
- Applying to the affected skin certain creams or ointments that affect your immune system (calcineurin inhibitors)
- Exposing the affected area to controlled amounts of natural or artificial light (phototherapy)