Atopic dermatitis happens when there is damage to the skin barrier. This causes the skin to become inflamed, red, dry, bumpy and itchy. Contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is an allergic or irritant reaction that causes a painful or itchy skin rash.
How can you tell the difference between atopic dermatitis?
During the acute phase, the first of the three, both types of dermatitis cause a red, itchy rash that may ooze or weep clear fluid. With contact dermatitis, small, fluid-filled blisters (called vesicles) are likely to develop, while weeping plaques (broad, raised areas of skin) are more common with atopic dermatitis.
Is allergic contact dermatitis the same as eczema?
Although the terms “dermatitis” and “eczema” may overlap in how they’re used, specific types of skin conditions are better known by just one of the names. For example, many doctors use the terms “atopic dermatitis” and “eczema” interchangeably but wouldn’t use the term “contact dermatitis” in place of “eczema.”
What is allergic dermatitis?
Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when the skin develops an allergic reaction after being exposed to a foreign substance. This causes the body to release inflammatory chemicals that can make the skin feel itchy and irritated.
What is the difference between eczema and atopic dermatitis?
Atopic dermatitis treatment involves use of moisturizers such as petroleum jelly and topical steroids to reduce inflammation and itching. Eczema is not a condition in itself, but a description for a group of skin diseases that cause skin inflammation and irritation.
What vitamins help with dermatitis?
Vitamin B12 cream: 1 study found it helped reduce eczema in adults. Vitamin D: Possibly helpful during the winter. Vitamin E: Mild positive effect. Zinc: Failed to make a difference.
What is the best ointment for atopic dermatitis?
A nonprescription hydrocortisone cream, containing at least 1 percent hydrocortisone, can temporarily relieve the itch. Apply it no more than twice a day to the affected area, after moisturizing. Using the moisturizer first helps the medicated cream penetrate the skin better.
What does allergic dermatitis look like?
A red rash. Itching, which may be severe. Dry, cracked, scaly skin. Bumps and blisters, sometimes with oozing and crusting.
What causes atopic dermatitis to flare-up?
External triggers, like allergens and irritants, may make contact with your skin and start a flare-up. Internal triggers, like food allergies and stress, may cause an increase in inflammation in the body that leads to a bad rash. Becoming aware of different AD triggers is key to managing your symptoms.
What is usually the first sign of dermatitis?
Usually beginning in infancy, this red, itchy rash usually occurs where the skin flexes — inside the elbows, behind the knees and in front of the neck. The rash may leak fluid when scratched and crust over. People with atopic dermatitis may experience improvement and then seasonal flare-ups. Contact dermatitis.
Can allergic dermatitis spread?
Allergic contact dermatitis frequently appears to spread over time. In fact, this represents delayed reactions to the allergens. Several factors may produce the false impression that the dermatitis is spreading or is contagious. Heavily contaminated areas may break out first, followed by areas of lesser exposure.
What is the most common cause of allergic contact dermatitis?
Nickel. Nickel is the most frequent cause of allergic contact dermatitis.
What triggers dermatitis?
Known triggers for atopic dermatitis include exposure to allergens such as pollen, pet dander or peanuts, or by stress, dry skin and infection. Skin irritants such as some fabrics, soaps and household cleaners may also trigger an atopic dermatitis flare.
How long does atopic dermatitis last?
The length of a flare-up will depend on what type of eczema you have, as well as the severity of the flare. With proper treatment, flare-ups may last one to three weeks, notes Harvard Health Publishing. Chronic eczema such as atopic dermatitis can go into remission with the help of a good preventative treatment plan.
Does atopic eczema go away?
Atopic eczema is more common in children, often developing before their first birthday. But it may also develop for the first time in adults. It’s usually a long-term (chronic) condition, although it can improve significantly, or even clear completely, in some children as they get older.
Is atopic dermatitis curable?
No cure has been found for atopic dermatitis. But treatments and self-care measures can relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks. For example, it helps to avoid harsh soaps, moisturize your skin regularly, and apply medicated creams or ointments.