What are the 5 risk factors of skin cancer?
Factors that may increase your risk of skin cancer include:
- Fair skin. Anyone, regardless of skin color, can get skin cancer. …
- A history of sunburns. …
- Excessive sun exposure. …
- Sunny or high-altitude climates. …
- Moles. …
- Precancerous skin lesions. …
- A family history of skin cancer. …
- A personal history of skin cancer.
What is the single most common risk factor for skin cancer?
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays is thought to be the major risk factor for most skin cancers. Sunlight is the main source of UV rays. Tanning beds are another source of UV rays.
What people are most at risk for skin cancer?
People with a fair complexion, blond or red hair, blue eyes, and freckles are at increased risk for developing skin cancer. People whose skin has a tendency to burn rather than tan also have an increased risk. Despite this, all people, regardless of skin color, are at risk for developing skin cancer.
What are the 2 groups at a higher risk of skin cancer?
A fair skin type and skin colour
Some people are at higher risk of skin cancer because they have a skin type that is more sensitive to UV damage. People with light-coloured eyes and red or fair hair also have an increased risk of melanoma, compared to people with darker hair and eyes.
Can u die from skin cancer?
About 2,000 people die from basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer each year. Older adults and people with a suppressed immune system have a higher risk of dying from these types of skin cancer. About 7,180 people die from melanoma each year.
How fast does skin cancer grow?
Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as six weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun.
Can you live a long life with melanoma?
The overall average 5-year survival rate for all patients with melanoma is 92%. This means 92 of every 100 people diagnosed with melanoma will be alive in 5 years. In the very early stages the 5-year survival rate is 99%. Once melanoma has spread to the lymph nodes the 5-year survival rate is 63%.
Is skin cancer becoming more common?
But three factors have doctors alarmed: The rates of this cancer are rising; it has become the most common cancer for young people; and many of the cases result from the preventable, but addictive, behavior of indoor suntanning. “In the last few decades, it’s certainly been on the rise.
How likely are you to get skin cancer?
1 in 5 Americans will develop skin cancer by the age of 70. More than 2 people die of skin cancer in the U.S. every hour. Having 5 or more sunburns doubles your risk for melanoma. When detected early, the 5-year survival rate for melanoma is 99 percent.
What are the 4 signs of skin cancer?
Redness or new swelling beyond the border of a mole. Color that spreads from the border of a spot into surrounding skin. Itching, pain, or tenderness in an area that doesn’t go away or goes away then comes back. Changes in the surface of a mole: oozing, scaliness, bleeding, or the appearance of a lump or bump.
What is the most common cancer?
The most common type of cancer on the list is breast cancer, with 284,200 new cases expected in the United States in 2021. The next most common cancers are prostate cancer and lung cancer. Because colon and rectal cancers are often referred to as “colorectal cancers,” these two cancer types are combined for the list.
What is considered catching skin cancer early?
Any spots on the skin that are new or changing in size, shape, or color should be checked by a doctor. Any unusual sore, lump, blemish, marking, or change in the way an area of the skin looks or feels may be a sign of skin cancer or a warning that it might occur.
How can you protect yourself from skin cancer?
Protect Yourself With a Complete Approach
- Seek the shade, especially between 10 AM and 4 PM.
- Don’t get sunburned.
- Avoid tanning, and never use UV tanning beds.
- Cover up with clothing, including a broad-brimmed hat and UV-blocking sunglasses.
- Use a broad-spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher every day.
What are the chances of getting skin cancer from tanning beds?
Tanning beds are NOT safer than the sun.
Just one indoor tanning session can increase the risk of developing skin cancer (melanoma by 20%, squamous cell carcinoma by 67%, and basal cell carcinoma by 29%).
How do I know if skin cancer has spread?
If your melanoma has spread to other areas, you may have: Hardened lumps under your skin. Swollen or painful lymph nodes. Trouble breathing, or a cough that doesn’t go away.