Basal cell carcinoma tumors have a variety of appearances from white or silvery bumps with a waxy texture to highly visible blood vessels. These lesions may be flesh-toned, brown, or black in color. Squamous cell carcinoma is also a common form of skin cancer on the scalp.
What are the symptoms of melanoma on the scalp?
It may or may not bleed and can be painful. If you have a preexisting mole, any change in the characteristics of this spot — such as a raised or irregular border, irregular shape, change in color, increase in size, itching or bleeding — are warning signs of melanoma.
What skin cancer looks like when it starts?
Melanoma signs include: A large brownish spot with darker speckles. A mole that changes in color, size or feel or that bleeds. A small lesion with an irregular border and portions that appear red, pink, white, blue or blue-black.
Is scalp cancer deadly?
Melanoma is derived from melanocytes, the skin’s pigment cells, and can spread quickly (metastasize) through the lymph nodes or bloodstream if not detected at an early stage. Scalp melanomas are more lethal than other melanomas.
What does basal cell carcinoma look like on scalp?
It can be pink, brown, or black. At first, a basal cell carcinoma comes up like a small “pearly” bump that looks like a flesh-colored mole or a pimple that doesn’t go away. Sometimes these growths can look dark. Or you may also see shiny pink or red patches that are slightly scaly.
How common is scalp melanoma?
Scalp melanoma is rare: it represents 2–5% of all skin melanomas and is significantly more frequent in male patients than female. It has been observed that scalp melanoma arises within congenital nevi in children and young adults, or within a lentigo maligna in the sun-damaged bald scalp of elderly men.
What does melanoma look like on head?
It is more likely to spread than basal cell carcinoma, but it tends to evolve slowly. It often looks like a red bump or thick skin growth that may bleed easily or sores that don’t heal easily.
How can you tell if a spot is skin cancer?
See a board-certified dermatologist if you spot anything changing, itching, or bleeding on your skin. New, rapidly growing moles, or moles that itch, bleed, or change color are often early warning signs of melanoma and should be examined by a dermatologist.
What does early stage melanoma look like?
Melanoma borders tend to be uneven and may have scalloped or notched edges, while common moles tend to have smoother, more even borders. C is for Color. Multiple colors are a warning sign. While benign moles are usually a single shade of brown, a melanoma may have different shades of brown, tan or black.
What does early stage squamous cell carcinoma look like?
Squamous cell carcinoma initially appears as a skin-colored or light red nodule, usually with a rough surface. They often resemble warts and sometimes resemble open bruises with raised, crusty edges. The lesions tend to develop slowly and can grow into a large tumor, sometimes with central ulceration.
How do I know if a lump on my head is cancerous?
Head and Neck Cancer: Symptoms and Signs
- Swelling or a sore that does not heal; this is the most common symptom.
- Red or white patch in the mouth.
- Lump, bump, or mass in the head or neck area, with or without pain.
- Persistent sore throat.
- Foul mouth odor not explained by hygiene.
- Hoarseness or change in voice.
- Nasal obstruction or persistent nasal congestion.
When should I be concerned about a lump on my head?
Most bumps on the head are harmless. If you’re unsure what’s caused the lump on your head, inform your doctor and watch the lump closely. If it changes or any of the following occur, call your doctor immediately: bleeding.
Can you get cancer on your scalp?
Different types of skin cancer can develop on your scalp. The two most common skin cancer types, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, are considered highly curable.
What are the crusty patches on my scalp?
Seborrheic dermatitis on the face
Seborrheic (seb-o-REE-ik) dermatitis is a common skin condition that mainly affects your scalp. It causes scaly patches, red skin and stubborn dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis can also affect oily areas of the body, such as the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids and chest.
What happens if you don’t remove basal cell carcinoma?
Without treatment, a basal cell carcinoma could grow — slowly — to encompass a large area of skin on your body. In addition, basal cell carcinoma has the potential to cause ulcers and permanently damage the skin and surrounding tissues.
How is basal cell carcinoma of the scalp treated?
Basal cell carcinoma is most often treated with surgery to remove all of the cancer and some of the healthy tissue around it. Options might include: Surgical excision. In this procedure, your doctor cuts out the cancerous lesion and a surrounding margin of healthy skin.