What is a mole Why do different elements have different molar masses?

To see why these elements have different molar masses, we need to remember that the atoms of different elements contain different numbers of protons, neutrons, and electrons, so they have different masses.

What is the difference between mole and molar mass?

Expression of molar mass is grams per mole. It can also be expressed as kilogram per mole.

Molar mass:

Difference between Molar mass and Molecular mass
Example: Mass of 1 mole of oxygen is 15.9994 grams. Therefore, the molar mass = 15.9994 g/mol Example: Molecular mass of Ca(OH)2 = 74 atomic mass units

What is molar mass of an element?

Molar mass is defined as the mass in grams of one mole of a substance. The units of molar mass are grams per mole, abbreviated as g/mol. The mass of a single isotope of any given element (the isotopic atomic mass) is a value relating the mass of that isotope to the mass of the isotope carbon-12 (

What is the relationship between mole Avogadro number and mass?

Avogadro’s number is an absolute number: there are 6.022×1023 elementary entities in 1 mole. This can also be written as 6.022×1023 mol-1. The mass of one mole of a substance is equal to that substance’s molecular weight.

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What is the relationship between a mole and molar mass?

A mole is 6.02⋅1023 (avogadro’s number) molecules of a substance. The molar mass is the amount of mass that 1 mole of that substance possesses.

Is atomic mass equal to molar mass?

Explanation: Atomic mass is the mass of an atom and is given in a.m.u. (atomic mass unit). However, a molar mass is the mass of one mole atoms or molecules and is given in grams.

How many atoms are in a mole?

The value of the mole is equal to the number of atoms in exactly 12 grams of pure carbon-12. 12.00 g C-12 = 1 mol C-12 atoms = 6.022 × 1023 atoms • The number of particles in 1 mole is called Avogadro’s Number (6.0221421 x 1023).

How did Avogadro determine the mole?

The charge on a mole of electrons had been known for some time and is the constant called the Faraday. … If you divide the charge on a mole of electrons by the charge on a single electron you obtain a value of Avogadro’s number of 6.02214154 x 1023 particles per mole.

What do you notice about the number of atoms in one mole?

Because 1 mole = 6.02 x 10 23 atoms and the molar mass of an element is equal to one mole, the mass of a single atom can be calculated by dividing the mass of one mole by Avogadro’s number.

What is the mass of one mole of oxygen?

Moles of a Substance and the Molecular Weight

The mass of oxygen equal to one mole of oxygen is 15.998 grams and the mass of one mole of hydrogen is 1.008 g.

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What is the purpose of molar mass?

Molar mass is a ratio that is used to convert a mass measurement to an amount of substance. This amount is expressed as a number of particles, such as atoms, molecules or ions. It is the ratio between the mass of something and the number of particles that form it.

How do you convert moles to mass?

Multiply the molecular weight by the number of moles for the substance. The molecular weight is the number of grams per mole for the substance and gives the conversion factor for moles to grams for that particular substance. So, one mole of water has a mass of 18.02 grams (1 mol H2O x 18.02 g/mol = 18.02 g).

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