Cellulitis (sel-u-LIE-tis) is a common, potentially serious bacterial skin infection. The affected skin appears swollen and red and is typically painful and warm to the touch. Cellulitis usually affects the skin on the lower legs, but it can occur in the face, arms and other areas.
What is the most serious skin infection?
1. Necrotising fasciitis. Necrotising fasciitis is a severe infection of the skin, the tissue below the skin, and the fascia (fibrous tissue that separates muscles and organs), resulting in tissue death, or necrosis. The infection is rapid, fast-spreading and fatal if not detected and treated early.
When is a skin infection serious?
Call a doctor or go to the hospital right away if you think you might have a skin infection and: You have a fever of 100.4 degrees or higher. You’re in a lot of pain. The redness or swelling spreads.
What are the symptoms of a serious infection?
Signs of infection
- feeling tired or fatigued.
- swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin.
- nausea or vomiting.
How do you tell if a skin infection is fungal or bacterial?
Look for Visible Signs of Infection
Eczema is typically itchy, red and scaly. When it’s flaring, the skin may even appear weepy, oozy or crusty from all the inflammation. Still, skin infections caused by bacteria usually present with a red, hot, swollen and tender rash that often is accompanied with pus.
What happens if a skin infection goes untreated?
If left untreated, pus may form and cells may die in the infected skin area. Cellulitis can involve any part of the body but most often affects the leg. It typically results from an injury to the skin, such as scratches or animal bites—these allow bacteria to enter the body and cause an infection.
How long does it take for a bacterial skin infection to clear up?
Local findings of swelling, warmth, and redness should begin to improve within one to three days after starting antibiotics, although these symptoms can persist for two weeks. If the reddened area becomes larger, more swollen, or more tender, call your health care provider.
Will a skin infection heal on its own?
The treatment depends on the type of infection and how serious it is. Some infections will go away on their own. When you do need treatment, it may include a cream or lotion to put on the skin. Other possible treatments include medicines and a procedure to drain pus.
What does a bacterial infection of the skin look like?
Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic. Different types of bacterial skin infections include: cellulitis.
What is the rarest skin disease?
Harlequin ichthyosis is a rare genetic disorder that causes children to be born with hard, thick skin that forms diamond-shaped scales across their bodies.
What are the five signs of an infection?
Know the Signs and Symptoms of Infection
- Fever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).
- Chills and sweats.
- Change in cough or a new cough.
- Sore throat or new mouth sore.
- Shortness of breath.
- Nasal congestion.
- Stiff neck.
- Burning or pain with urination.
How do you get rid of a bacterial infection in your body?
The treatment for bacterial infections is usually a course of antibiotics. Doctors may prescribe antiviral medications for certain viral infections, but few antiviral medications exist. There are some illnesses that tend to develop due to either bacteria or viruses.
How long do bacterial infections last?
In some cases we become more concerned that the infection may be caused by a bacterial infection. Bacterial infections may be the result of “secondary infection” (meaning that the virus initiated the process but a bacteria followed) when the: Symptoms persist longer than the expected 10-14 days a virus tends to last.
What does sepsis look like on the skin?
People with sepsis often develop a hemorrhagic rash—a cluster of tiny blood spots that look like pinpricks in the skin. If untreated, these gradually get bigger and begin to look like fresh bruises. These bruises then join together to form larger areas of purple skin damage and discoloration.
What does a fungal infection of the skin look like?
A fungal skin infection often looks bright red and can spread across a large area. A fungal skin rash may also have characteristics including: Color more intense at the border.
What is the most common bacterial skin infection?
1 Cellulitis, impetigo, and folliculitis are the most common bacterial skin infections seen by the family physician.