More than 90 percent of skin cancers are caused by sun exposure . Skin cancers are divided into two major groups: nonmelanoma and melanoma. Nonmelanoma skin cancers (usually basal cell and squamous cell) are the most common cancers of the skin.
Who gets skin cancer the most?
The risk for each person can be affected by a number of different factors, which are described in Risk Factors for Melanoma Skin Cancer. Melanoma is more common in men overall, but before age 50 the rates are higher in women than in men. The risk of melanoma increases as people age.
How many sunburns does it take to get skin cancer?
Statistics show that just five blistering sunburns as a teenager can substantially increase your risk of developing skin cancer.
Is skin cancer always caused by the sun?
Skin cancer — the abnormal growth of skin cells — most often develops on skin exposed to the sun. But this common form of cancer can also occur on areas of your skin not ordinarily exposed to sunlight. There are three major types of skin cancer — basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
How many people die from skin cancer caused by the sun?
The first-ever estimate of the global health burden caused by the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation shows about 48,000 deaths each year are caused by malignant melanoma; another 12,000 deaths are caused by other types of skin cancer.
How long does it take to die from skin cancer?
It can become life-threatening in as little as six weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body.
What are the 4 signs of skin cancer?
Redness or new swelling beyond the border of a mole. Color that spreads from the border of a spot into surrounding skin. Itching, pain, or tenderness in an area that doesn’t go away or goes away then comes back. Changes in the surface of a mole: oozing, scaliness, bleeding, or the appearance of a lump or bump.
At what age does skin cancer typically occur?
Most basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas typically appear after age 50. However, in recent years, the number of skin cancers in people age 65 and older has increased dramatically. This may be due to better screening and patient tracking efforts in skin cancer.
What is the number one risk factor for skin cancer?
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays is thought to be the major risk factor for most skin cancers. Sunlight is the main source of UV rays. Tanning beds are another source of UV rays.
Can I die from skin cancer?
About 2,000 people die from basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer each year. Older adults and people with a suppressed immune system have a higher risk of dying from these types of skin cancer. About 7,180 people die from melanoma each year.
Which skin cancer is not caused by the sun?
Melanoma is not caused by sunlight.
How can you tell if a spot is skin cancer?
See a board-certified dermatologist if you spot anything changing, itching, or bleeding on your skin. New, rapidly growing moles, or moles that itch, bleed, or change color are often early warning signs of melanoma and should be examined by a dermatologist.
What skin cancer looks like when it starts?
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell tumors can take on many forms, including a pearly white or waxy bump, often with visible blood vessels, on the ears, neck, or face. Tumors can also appear as a flat, scaly, flesh-colored or brown patch on the back or chest, or more rarely, a white, waxy scar.
What is the least dangerous type of skin cancer?
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
This is the most common but least dangerous form of skin cancer.
What does cancer itch feel like?
Characteristics of cancer-related itching may include: Itching in response to water (aquagenic pruritis) The absence of a rash or hives (though sometimes a rash occurs due to repeated scratching)
Which state has the most skin cancer?
Utah, Delaware, Vermont, Minnesota and Idaho have the highest skin cancer rates of all U.S. states, and their residents are at higher risk for melanoma than those in Florida, California or Texas, according to the CDC.