Birthmarks generally result from an overgrowth of a structure that is normally present in the skin. For example, an overgrowth of blood vessels produces vascular birthmarks or haemangiomas; an overgrowth of pigment cells produces congenital naevi or moles.
Why do we have birthmarks on your body?
Vascular birthmarks happen when blood vessels don’t form correctly. Either there are too many of them or they’re wider than usual. Pigmented birthmarks are caused by an overgrowth of the cells that create pigment (color) in skin.
Is everyone born with a birthmark?
While birthmarks are common, not everyone has one. There’s no way to predict if a child will have a birthmark or not. Not having a birthmark isn’t a sign of a particular health condition or a cause for concern. Also, remember that many types of birthmarks fade as children get older.
Where do birthmarks and moles come from?
Pigmented birthmarks caused by excess skin pigment cells include: moles, café au lait spots, and Mongolian spots. Vascular birthmarks, also called red birthmarks, are caused by increased blood vessels and include macular stains (salmon patches), hemangiomas, and Port-wine stains.
What is the story behind birthmarks?
Some people believe birthmarks to be a source of mythology (we won’t get into that), but the science behind birthmarks explains that they are caused by an overgrowth or increased activity of tissues in the skin, including pigment cells, blood vessel cells or connective tissue cells.
What are angel kisses on babies?
Stork bites, sometimes also called a salmon patch or angel’s kiss, are common newborn birthmarks typically marked by a red or pink color and smooth, flat texture. Around 80 percent of babies are born with nevus simplex, though they’re significantly more likely to affect white babies compared to babies with darker skin.
Can birthmark be removed?
Most birthmarks are harmless and many fade completely over time. Some, such as port-wine stains, are permanent and may even occur on the face. These can be removed using treatment such as laser therapy. Treatments to remove birthmarks are often most effective when started during infancy.
What are brown birthmarks?
Pigmented birthmarks are caused by an overgrowth of the cells that produce color in our skin. There are three types of pigmented birthmarks: café-au-lait spots, moles and Mongolian spots. Pigmented birthmarks can be flat or raised with regular or irregular borders and color that ranges from brown to black to blue.
Is birthmark good or bad?
Most birthmarks are harmless but permanent. The only ones that fade with time are Mongolian spots and haemangiomas of infancy. Treatment may include: Haemangioma of infancy – sometimes, a strawberry mark will grow over an eye or may block one side of the nose, ulcerate or cause other problems.
Can family members have the same birthmarks?
Hereditary – Some people have birthmarks due to their genes. For example, a child may have the same type of birthmark as a father, mother, grandparent, aunt, or uncle. In some cases, the birthmark appears in the exact same spot as the relative!
What is the difference between a mole and a birthmark?
Moles and birthmarks are not necessarily one in the same, but they can be easily confused as a mole can be present at birth. Some doctors do consider a mole as a “beauty mark” as it is a pigmentated area. However, birthmarks are flat and located on the surface of the skin, while a mole will protrude above the skin.
How do you remove a birthmark without surgery?
Dab a few drops of lemon juice on the birthmark, leave it for at least 20 minutes, wash it off with warm water and then dry your skin off with a clean towel. Repeat this process at least three times a day until the birthmark has faded.
Do birthmarks get darker in the sun?
They are visible at birth or develop very early in life. Most café-au-lait spots are harmless. They are unlikely to turn into skin cancer, but may become darker with more sun exposure. A large café au lait spot with jagged borders may be linked with a rare genetic condition called McCune-Albright syndrome.
What is a Mongolian birthmark?
Mongolian spots (MS) are congenital birthmarks seen most commonly over the lumbosacral area. They are bluish-green to black in color and oval to irregular in shape. They are most commonly found in individuals of African or Asian ethnic background.
What do white birthmarks mean?
Dr. Friedlander noted that although white birthmarks are generally harmless, they can sometimes result in a permanent loss of pigmentation in the affected area. Some can grow and removal may be a consideration. “Generally, a few white spots that are flat are not cause for concern.